IZUMI SHIKIBU SONATA and HANANUSUBITO by Masaru Takeshita This is the first CD from the Bright Spots in Music program exploring the musical potential of Japanese poems, novels and diaries from the 7th to 20th century. The analysis of the subject and the tones of the words used in these types literature provide the musical emotion required in composing music. This process helps to avert the strong effects of the timbers of human voices and music instruments inevitably exposed when we hear the existing traditional music. The dominance of the arrangement of timber tend to invite a loss of development of essential musical construction and contributes to the denial of musical merit. The composition in this program is recorded using the neutral computer tones with simplified timber. I expect the musicians themselves to participate in the completion of composition because musicians do infuse music with their own skills and knowledge. Traditional Japanese musician can use the skilled traditional instruments. However, modern musicians can use modern instruments. The series will take four CDs and include chronologically, (1) IZUMO BOJO by Kakinomoto Hitomaro (chooka-long poem with simultaneously singable English translation). (2) YAMATOJI (tanka-short poem) by Kojima. (3) KAGEROO NIKKI (diary) by Michitsuna haha. (4) IZUMI SHIKIBU SONATA (two tankas and diary). (5) KOGOO SONATA (Tales of Heike). (5) GOZE NO HARU (Makura no sooshi, Saigyo-harushunamu and the lenga of Shinkei). (6) HANANUSUBITO (modern dance in nagauta style). (7) HATSU KOI (first love), (8) OKUME and (9) KOMORO NO KOJOO OIWAKE, by Shimazaki Tooson. (10) SHIRO SUMIRE by Susukida Kyuukin. (11) OCHIBA (original CHANSON D'AUTOMNE by Paul Verlaine and it's English translation by Ueda Bin). (12) KATA KOI and (13) BOTAN by Kitahara Hakushuu. (13) UMIBE TSUKIYO, (14) UMIBE NO KOI and (15) SANMA by Satoo Haruo. (16) KYOO SHUU, (17) TONE NO SUNAYAMA, and (18) KYOOTO NITE by Muroo Saisei. (19) NOGIKU NO HAKA by Itoo Sachio. (19) IZUNO ODORIKO (dancer of izu) by Kawabata Yasunari. The present CD contains IZUMISHIKIBU SONATA (37:50) and HANANUSUBITO (39:46). Izumi Shikibu lived a passionate life. The two wakas (tankas) presented in this sonata have comfortable rythm and beautiful singing tones painting an emotional picture but a detailed description of events that leaded to form these wakas had to be added. Therefore I embellished this simple structure to convey this sonata. In the Heian era (the 11th A.D.), the popularity of priests was often judged by their voice in reading sutras. The Shoomyo chant is another example showing the musicality of the human voice at that time. Because the first waka (kurakiyori) is addressed to a high ranked Buddhist to give the guidance to her so that she can live a less difficult life, I designed the Shoomyo chorus for the first movement of the sonata indicating her attendance to Buddhist temple. However, it is impossible to record Shoomyo due to the presence of tones in the Syoomyo that are not in the Western music system. Nonetheless the first movement of this sonata accommodates the Syoomyo chorus well. The second piece in this CD, HANANUSUBITO means 'Thief of a flower.' This word appears in Makura no Sooshi but does not relate to it. Hana is often used to describe a positive element of excellence in stage performances and also for some other arts. A type of beauty exemplified by a young woman is said to Hana, also. Following are the suggestions for the use of this music in the stage dance performance. Dancers can wear kimonos or costumes but thin tights are also good. Zangetsu means the fading moon due to the rising sun in early morning. Mumyo means absence of light. Mugen Mumyoo is endless (eternal) darkness in this world, and indicate the night in the stage. The music in Zangetsu and Mugen Mumyoo are atmospheric thus paired to be played in a place shielded by the bamboo curtain (sudare) for example on traditional Japanese dance stage. The picking of flower in a flower field by a girl occurs in the day time under the bright sun. The theme of HANANUSUBITO is suffering of a man who made a wrong plan for his life when he was very young. More detail is described in the CD. Ironically, the success in life was told by pains of love in IZUMI SHIKIBU SONATA and the failure of life in HANANUSUBITO was by sweet music of adolescent love in this CD.